Surah Al Ikhlas, Surah Ikhlas
- Classification: Meccan
- Alternate titles (Ar.) (Surat al-Tawhid) سورة التوحيد
- Other names: Absoluteness, The Unity, Oneness of God, Sincere Religion, The Declaration of [God’s] Perfection
- Position: Juzʼ 30 (Part no. 30)
- No. of verses: 4
Surat Al Ikhlas (Arabic: سورة الإخلاص, “Fidelity” or “Sincerity”), also known as Surat al-Tawḥīd (Arabic: سورة التوحيد, “Monotheism”) is the 112th sūra of the Qur’an. In the early years of Islam, the surah of the Quran came to be known by several different names, sometimes varying by region.
This sūra was among those to receive many different titles. It is a short declaration of tawhid, God’s absolute oneness, consisting of four ayat. Al Ikhlas means “the purity” or “the refining”.
It is disputed whether this is a Meccan or Madinan sura. The former seems more probable, particularly since it seems to have been alluded to by Bilal of Abyssinia, who, when he was being tortured by his cruel master, is said to have repeated “Ahad, Ahad!” (unique, referring as here to God).
It is reported from Ubayy ibn Ka’b that it was revealed after the polytheists asked “O Muhammad! Tell us the lineage of your Lord.”
Surah Al Ikhlas transliteration:
- Qul huwal laahu ahad
- Allah hus-samad
- Lam yalid wa lam yoolad
- Wa lam yakul-lahu kufuwan ahad
Translation – Sahih International:
- Say, “He is Allah, [who is] One,
- Allah, the Eternal Refuge.
- He neither begets nor is born,
- Nor is there to Him any equivalent.”
Names of Surah Ikhlas
The Blessed Names of Surah Al Ikhlas
The Chapter Of The Holy Qur’ān On Pure Islamic Monotheism
|1. Al-Ikhlās||The Purity of faith in Allāh,|
Sincere devotion to Allāh
|2. At-Tafrīd||The Unique|
|3. At-Tajrīd||On its own, free from anything else|
|4. At-Tawhīd||Pure Islamic Monotheism|
|5. An-Najāh||The Salvation|
|6. Al-Wilāyah||The Protection|
|7. An-Nisbah||The Connection with Allāh|
|8. Al-Ma’rifah||The Knowledge about Allāh|
|9. Al-Jamāl||The Beauty, The Beautiful|
|10. Al-Muqashqashah||The Cure (for the disease of polytheism)|
|11. Al-Mu’awwidhah||The Refuge|
|12. Sūrah As–Samad||The Sūrah about The One Who is Eternally Besought (Allāh)|
|13. Al-Asās||The Foundation|
|14. Al-Māni’ah||The Preventer (of punishment in the grave)|
|15. Al-Muhdirah||The Gatherer (angels gather to listen to its recitation)|
|16. Al-Munfirah||The Sūrah that sends satan running away scared|
|17. Al-Barā’ah||The Freedom (from idolatory)|
|18. Al-Mudhakkirah||The Reminder (about monotheism)|
|19. An-Nūr||The Light (of the Qur’ān)|
|20. Al-Amān||The Safety|
|21. Al-Muqarribah||The Nearness (to Allāh), the way to draw near to Allāh|
Related Ahadith for Surah Al Ikhlas:
1- Surah Al Ikhlas is one-third and Surah Al-Kafirun is one-forth of the Quran
Abdullah ibn Umar reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said, “Say: He is Allah the One (112:1) is equal to one third of the Quran. Say: O unbelievers (109:1) is equal to one fourth of the Quran.”
The Prophet would recite these two in his bowings before the dawn prayer.
Source: Mu’jam Al-Kabeer 13319
2- He asked Allah by his greatest name.
Buraydah ibn Al-Husayb reported: The Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, heard a man supplicating, saying, “O Allah, I ask you by my testimony that you are Allah, there is no God but you, the One, the Eternal Refuge who does not give birth and was not born and to whom no one is equal.”
The Prophet said, “By him in whose hand is my soul, he has asked Allah by his greatest name for which he answers when called upon and he gives when asked.”
Source: Sunan al-Tirmidhī 3745
3- The Prophet would recite Surah Al-Kafirun and Al-Ikhlas in voluntary Sunan prayer before Fajr
Abu Huraira reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, would recite in the prayer before dawn prayer the verses, “Say: O you unbelievers…” (109:1) and, “Say: He is Allah alone…” (112:1)
Source: Sahih Muslim 726
4- Love for Surah Al Ikhlas will enter people into Paradise
Anas ibn Malik reported: A man said, “O Messenger of Allah, I love this chapter: Say: He is Allah, the One.” (112:1) The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said, “Your love for it will admit you into Paradise.”
Source: Sahih Bukhari 742
5- Surah Al-Ikhlas is worth a third of the Quran
Abu Sa’eed Al-Khudri reported: A man heard another man reciting: Say, He is Allah, the One (112:1) over and over, so the next morning he came to the Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, and told him about it as if he thought it was not enough to recite.
The Messenger of Allah said, “By Him in whose Hand is my soul, verily, it is equal to a third of the Quran.”
Source: Sahih Bukhari 4726
6- Can one of you read a third of the Quran in a single night?
Abu Sa’eed Al-Khudri reported: The Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, said to his companions, “Is it difficult for one of you to recite a third of the Quran in a single night?” That was difficult for them, so they said, “Which one of us can do that,
O Messenger of Allah?” The Prophet said, “Allah, the One, the Master (112:1) is worth one-third of the Quran.”
Source: Sahih Bukhari 4727
7- Whoever recites Surat al-Ikhlas ten times a day will have Paradise
Mu’adh ibn Anas reported: The Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, said, “Whoever recites the chapter ten times completely: He is Allah, the One (112:1), then Allah will build a palace for him in Paradise.”
Source: Musnad Ahmad 15183
Simple Explanation of Surah Al Ikhlas:
122 Surah Al Ikhlas (also known as The Purity, The Sincerity or the Surah of Tawheed) is only four aayaat (verses) yet it sums up the essence of Islam. Allah is one and there is nothing comparable to Him.
Say, “He is Allah, (the) One. Allah-us-Samad (The Self-Sufficient Master, Whom all creatures need, He neither eats nor drinks). He begets not, nor was He begotten; And there is none co-equal or comparable unto Him.” (Quran 112)
Surah Al-Ikhlas was revealed to Prophet Muhammad (may the mercy and blessings of Allah be upon him) during the early days of Islam. The polytheists and pagans of Mecca one day approached and challenged him saying, “Give us the genealogy of your Lord.” It was then that Allah revealed this surah.
Surah Al-Ikhlas proclaims the Oneness of Allah and this concept is presented in the first ayah. The second ayah declares that Allah is As-Samad implying that He has all the attributes of perfection. As-Samad is one of the Names of Allah.
It means the one Who everybody depends on, but the one who doesn’t depend on anyone, it also indicates that Allah is unlike His creation. The third ayah describes that He was not born nor did He give birth and the last ayah declares that Allah is beyond comparison. Surah Al-Ikhlas directly supports the first pillar of Islam, the shahadah. “There is no true deity but Allah”.
Surah al Ikhlas is an affirmation of Allah’s oneness and as such it negates all forms of polytheism and idolatry. This is very important because the foundation on which our faith is built is the absolute belief that Allah is One.
Belief in One God entails certainty. Muslims worship Allah alone, He has no partners, associates, or helpers. Worship is directed solely to Allah, for He is the only One worthy of worship.
Surah al Ikhlas is one of the first surahs that many Muslims remember learning as a child and this is also true for those who convert to Islam. After a person has learnt the basics of the five daily prayers they are usually anxious to recite the shorter surahs of the Quran in their prayers, and almost always surah Al-Ikhlas is one of them.
Reciting surah Al Ikhlas may be the means of attaining Paradise and earning Allah’s love. From the ahadith we are able to find some of the many benefits of loving, reciting and living by the principles outlined in this short surah.
Prophet Muhammad sent a man as a leader of an expedition. During the journey, in every prayer he concluded his recitation of the Quran with surah Al-Ikhlas.
On their return his companions mentioned this to Prophet Muhammad, who replied, “Ask him why he did so”. When the man was asked, he answered, “In this surah the attributes of the Merciful Allah have been stated; therefore, I love to recite it again and again.”
When the Prophet Muhammad heard this reply, he said to the people, “Inform him that Allah holds him in great love and esteem.”
A man from among the Ansar led the prayers in the Quba Mosque. His practice was that in every rakah he first recited surah Al-Ikhlas and then would add another surah.
The people objected to it and said to him, “Don’t you think that surah Al-Ikhlas is by itself enough? Why do you join another surah to it? You should either recite only this surah, or should leave it and recite some other surah.
He said: “I cannot leave it; instead, I would rather give up leading the prayers.” The people did not want anyone else to lead, so they brought the matter before Prophet Muhammad. He asked the man, “What prevents you from conceding to what your companions desire? What makes you recite this particular surah in every rakah?” The man replied, “I have great love for it.”
Prophet Muhammad said, “Your love for this surah has earned you entry to Paradise.”
Surah al-Ikhlas has been described as being equal to one-third of the Quran. Reciting it has the same reward as reciting one-third of the Quran.
Prophet Muhammad said to the sahabah, “Assemble in my presence, for I will recite to you one-third of the Quran.” When they had assembled, Prophet Muhammad came out to them and recited surah Al-Ikhlas, and then he returned to his home.
The sahabah began speaking to one another about it. Someone said, “I think a revelation has just come to Him from the heavens. That is why he went back inside.”
Then the Prophet emerged from his home and said, “I told you that I would recite one-third of the Qur’an. That is indeed one-third of the Quran.”
A man heard another man reciting (in the prayers): “Say, ‘He is Allah, the One.’” And he recited it repeatedly. In the morning he went to the Prophet and informed him about that as if he considered that the recitation of that surah by itself was not enough.
Prophet Muhammad said, “By Him in Whose Hand my life is, it is equal to one-third of the Quran.”
Briefly and in conclusion, surah Al Ikhlas is one of the shortest chapters in Quran, yet it is one of the most profound. It is a chapter outlining the foundation of the Muslim’s faith, and it is equal to a third of the Quran.
Surah al ikhlas Conclusion:
God is only One. Everyone is in need of Him ,but He is not in need of anyone. He reigns over all things of the heavens and the earth. Unlike human beings , He has no son or father. He is eternal ,without beginning or end, and is thus a Unique Being who has no equal.
Surah al ikhlas References and Links
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6 thoughts on “21 Names of Surah Al Ikhlas, Surah Ikhlas Do you know all of them?”
Ma Shaa Allah shyekh Hassan
Jazakum Allah Khairan brother Muhammad ^_^.
This is very Useful Information and I am sure many Muslims take benefits from this article. You carefully discuss problems and give solutions. I have also article related to this topic that is also useful information kindly review It.
Barak Allahu fekoum and Jazakoum Allahu khiran
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