#03 Zakat – Every thing you should know about Five pillars of Islam

#03 Zakat – Five Pillars of Islam

3. Zakat –  Five Pillars of Islam

Definition of Zakat:

Zakat is the most important pillar of Islam after the salah. Literally, the word Zakat is used in two senses:

  • One of its meanings is purity and cleanliness.
  • and the other is development and progress.

The first meaning of zakat is mentioned in the Noble Quran as:

قَدۡ اَفۡلَحَ مَنۡ زَكّٰٮهَا ۞

He has succeeded who purifies it (Ash-shams:9)

zakatin Islam five pillars of Islam
zakat in Islam five pillars of Islam

according to this verse, Zakat is applied to the wealth that is spent in the way of Allah Almighty through which our wealth is purified from all kinds of evils. The word Zakat is also applied to cleansing the unnecessary herbs from the field. As zakat purifies the soul from impurities, in the same way it purifies the field from unnecessary herbs. So, we also use this term for fields as well.

Another meaning of Zakat is to grow, prosperity.

According to this concept, Zakat is applied to wealth which is not diminished by spending in the way of God but is increased by the inclusion of God’s grace and blessings.

Status of zakat in Islam and wisdom of its Obligation:

Zakat is one of the five pillars of Islam and is mentioned in many places in the Qur’an along with prayers.

Here are some of them:

وَاَقِيۡمُوا الصَّلٰوةَ وَاٰتُوا الزَّكٰوةَ

And establish prayer and give Zakah (Al-Baqrah: 43)

وَيُقِيۡمُوا الصَّلٰوةَ وَيُؤۡتُوا الزَّكٰوةَ

and to establish prayer and to give Zakah. (Al- Bayyinah: 5)

To cleanse the human population from hardship, miserliness, and greed, to take care of the poor, and the needy, to cleanse the wealth, to increase and bless it, and to protect it from corruption and misery and for the sake of humans life prosperity, Allah Almighty has made Zakat obligatory. The wisdom of taking zakat has been stated by Allah Almighty in the Noble Qur’an as:

خُذۡ مِنۡ اَمۡوَالِهِمۡ صَدَقَةً تُطَهِّرُهُمۡ وَتُزَكِّيۡهِمۡ بِهَا وَصَلِّ عَلَيۡهِمۡ

Take, [O, Muhammad], from their wealth a charity by which you purify them and cause them to increase and invoke [ Allah’s blessings] upon them. (At-Tawbah: 103)

03 zakat five pillars of Islam
03 zakat five pillars of Islam

Conditions of the obligation of zakat:

Every Muslim who has enough assets to pay zakat has a strict obligation. Even guardians will pay Zakat on behalf of their children and lunatics. Whoever deliberately denies this obligation is a disbeliever, and whoever neglects to pay it due to laziness and miserliness, he is a transgressor and commits a grave sin. And if he dies in this condition it will be based on the will of God Almighty because the Allah Almighty says:

اِنَّ اللّٰهَ لَا يَغۡفِرُ اَنۡ يُّشۡرَكَ بِهٖ وَيَغۡفِرُ مَا دُوۡنَ ذٰ لِكَ لِمَنۡ يَّشَآءُ

Indeed, Allah does not forgive association with Him, but He forgives what is less than that for whom He wills. (Nisa: 48)
Allah Almighty has given a stern warning to those who withhold Zakat. The Noble Quran says:

وَالَّذِيۡنَ يَكۡنِزُوۡنَ الذَّهَبَ وَالۡفِضَّةَ وَلَا يُنۡفِقُوۡنَهَا فِىۡ سَبِيۡلِ اللّٰهِۙ فَبَشِّرۡهُمۡ بِعَذَابٍ اَلِيۡمٍۙ ۞

 يَّومَ يُحۡمٰى عَلَيۡهَا فِىۡ نَارِ جَهَـنَّمَ فَتُكۡوٰى بِهَا جِبَاهُهُمۡ وَجُنُوۡبُهُمۡ وَظُهُوۡرُهُمۡ‌ؕ هٰذَا مَا كَنَزۡتُمۡ لِاَنۡفُسِكُمۡ فَذُوۡقُوۡا مَا كُنۡتُمۡ تَكۡنِزُوۡنَ ۞

And those who hoard gold and silver and spend it not in the way of Allah – give them tidings of a painful punishment. The Day when it will be heated in the fire of Hell and seared therewith will be their foreheads, their flanks, and their backs, [it will be said], “This is what you hoarded for yourselves, so taste what you used to hoard.” (At-Tawbah: 34-35).

And it is narrated by Hazrat Abu Huraira (R.A):

Allah’s Messenger (Peace be upon Him) said, “Whoever is made wealthy by Allah and does not pay the Zakat of his wealth, then on the Day of Resurrection his wealth will be made like a baldheaded poisonous male snake with two black spots over the eyes. The snake will encircle his neck and bite his cheeks and say, ‘I am your wealth, I am your treasure.’ ” Then the Prophet (Peace be upon Him) recited the holy verses: — ‘Let not those who withhold. .’ (to the end of the verse).

Zakat has great importance and value in Islam. This is another important religious motto of Islam. Allah Almighty has made it obligatory on every Muslim who is able to pay it. It is mentioned with prayers in 32 places in the Noble Qur’an, while in the meaning of blessing, it also has been mentioned so many times.

Numerous hadiths of the Prophet of Allah (Peace be upon Him) have emphasized on its obligation, its importance has been highlighted and strict warnings have been made for those who neglect to pay it. Anyone who denies this, would be a non- Muslim and an apostate. And if he does not repent for neglecting it, his blood becomes worthless in the Islamic government. He cannot be buried in a Muslim cemetery, his funeral prayers will not be offered, and no Muslim heir will inherit his legacy.

Even if someone is inside the Islamic government and he refuses to pay because of greed and covetousness, love of wealth, or carelessness, he will be fought.

zakah 5 pillars of Islam
zakah 5 pillars of Islam

There is no doubt that Zakat is one of the major economic pillars of Islam. It is a major source of income and an important source of income for Muslims, aimed at establishing social equality and maintaining social cohesion and enforcing co-operation among members of society.

This is Mercy and grace of Allah Almighty that He has prescribed because of many pearls of wisdom and interests. Its aims are of great benefit and there are innumerable benefits in all aspects. Allah Almighty has indicated in this Quranic verse:

خُذۡ مِنۡ اَمۡوَالِهِمۡ صَدَقَةً تُطَهِّرُهُمۡ وَتُزَكِّيۡهِمۡ بِهَا وَصَلِّ عَلَيۡهِمۡ

Take, [O, Muhammad], from their wealth a charity by which you purify them and cause them to increase and invoke [ Allah’s blessings] upon them. (At-Tawbah: 103)

Conditions for Obligation of Zakah:

Following are the conditions of the obligation of zakat:

  1. Being a Muslim: Zakat is obligatory on a Muslim, not on a Non-muslin or an apostate.
  2.  Adolescence: Zakat is obligatory on an adult Muslim, and it is not obligatory on children.
  3. Being wise: Zakat is obligatory on a wise Muslim; Zakat is not obligatory on a madman.
  4.  Being free: Zakat is obligatory on autonomous, not on the slave.
  5.  Possession of the Nisab

Definition of Nisab:

It is a certain amount of property or wealth which a person must possess before Zakah becomes obligatory on him.

6. Wealth is in the possession of the owner: If the property is in the possession of the owner, then Zakat is obligatory on him. for example, someone buried his property in the ground and forgot the place and then years later he remembered that place and found the property, so the Zakat of that time is not obligatory until the wealth was received because he was the owner of the wealth at that time but he was not the full owner due to lack of possession.

7. The person is free from any debt: For example, if a person has wealth equal to the prescribed amount, but he is also indebted to that amount of wealth, then his wealth is not free from debt, so Zakat is not obligatory on him.

8. Getting rid of basic needs: Basic needs mean that a person needs some basic things in life such as a house to live in, clothes to wear according to the season and other household items like utensils, etc. Even if all these goods are worth more than the prescribed amount of Zakat, there will be no Zakat on them because all these goods and goods are in basic need.

9. Being wealthy: it means the wealth that is going to grow, even if it is really growing, such as goods leftover from trade and grazing animals, or wealth that is going to grow, such as gold and silver. It is a commodity that increases in value and can be replaced by other items. Therefore, in any case, whether it is gold or silver, whether it is in the form of ornaments and utensils or buried in the ground, it is a so-called wealth, ie, a growing wealth, and Zakat is obligatory on them.

10. Duration of Nisab: Zakat will not be obligatory as soon as the, prescribed amount is fulfilled but if the Nisab remains in his possession for one year, then after the completion of the year, Zakat will be paid on it.

Al zakat five pillars of Islam
Al zakat five pillars of Islam

Zakat Property (Goods on which zakat is obligatory):

The things on which zakat is obligatory are called “zakat property”. Zakat property refers to those property or things that when a person owns a certain amount of them (called Nisab) then zakat becomes obligatory on him. To make it easier to understand zakat property, we can use two types:

Gold, silver, and cash:

Zakat is obligatory in every case when the gold is 7.5 tola (0.087 kg) or more, whether it is in the form of ornaments, in the form of a vessel or in some other form, used in wearing ornaments, whether it is pure or if it is adulterated, Zakat will be obligatory on gold in all cases. Like the gold, even the silver, when it is 52.5 tola (0.612 kg) or more, zakat will be obligatory on it in all cases.

Cash whether in one’s own country or another country, in one’s possession or deposited in a bank or in another secured place or kept as a deposit, though not in cash but in the form of draft or check, etc. and even if that money is invested in the trade, in all these cases Zakat will be obligatory on that cash when that money reaches the silver Nisab (52.5 tola or 0.612 kg).

Commercial goods:

This refers to all kinds of commercial goods, on which trade is permitted according to Shari’ah, that is, all goods that have been purchased with the intention of selling and the intention to sell remains. If its value is equal to 52.5 tola (0.612 kg) of silver, then Zakat will be obligatory on it.

And if he bought the goods with the intention of trade but later kept it for domestic use, gave it to someone as a gift or intended to give it as a gift, in any case, the intention of trade is no more, then he will not be obliged to pay Zakat. If the land, or flats and rooms, etc., have been rented out to them, then zakat will be obligatory on the rent received from it.

If one has less than 7.5 tola of gold, some silver, some cash and a small amount of trade, it will be seen that their total value is equal to the value of 52.5 tola (0.612 kg) of silver or No if it is equal or more, then zakat is obligatory on it, and if the total amount is less, then zakat is not obligatory.

The conclusion is that when one of the gold, silver, cash, goods for trade reaches its Nisab (prescribed amount) alone or when the total value of all of them is equal to the Nisab of silver, then zakat is obligatory on him.

Zakat is not obligatory for household and personal use i.e. on bikes, cars, furniture, computers, mobiles, etc.

zakat five pillars of Islam
zakat five pillars of Islam

Who are eligible to take zakat (expenditures of zakat):

Allah Almighty has clearly stated the eight expenditures in which it is obligatory to spend zakat, and also states that it is obligatory to spend Zakah only on those expenditures, and this is a decision based on knowledge and wisdom, so Allah Almighty says:

اِنَّمَا الصَّدَقٰتُ لِلۡفُقَرَآءِ وَالۡمَسٰكِيۡنِ وَالۡعٰمِلِيۡنَ عَلَيۡهَا وَالۡمُؤَلَّـفَةِ قُلُوۡبُهُمۡ وَفِى الرِّقَابِ وَالۡغٰرِمِيۡنَ وَفِىۡ سَبِيۡلِ اللّٰهِ وَابۡنِ السَّبِيۡلِ‌ؕ فَرِيۡضَةً مِّنَ اللّٰهِ‌ؕ وَاللّٰهُ عَلِيۡمٌ حَكِيۡمٌ ۞

Zakah expenditures are only for the poor and for the needy and for those employed to collect [Zakah] and for bringing hearts together [for Islam] and for freeing captives [or slaves] and for those in debt and for the cause of Allah and for the [stranded] traveler – an obligation [imposed] by Allah. And Allah is Knowing and Wise. (At- Tawbah: 60)

First and second consumption:

The poor and the needy: Zakat will be given to these people to meet their needs. The difference between the poor and the needy is that the poor person needs zakat more, because he does not have half a year to make ends meet to meet the needs of his family, but the condition of the needy is slightly better than that of the poor. ; Because the needy have the means to meet their needs for half or more of the year. So the needy will be given only what they need to meet their needs.

But the question here is how to weigh their needs?

In response to this, the scholars say: “They will be given enough money to meet the needs of their families for one year, because after one year, they will again be obliged to pay Zakat on the wealth of the wealthy, so their needs will be assessed in this way.

It is a good position that we give the poor and their families a full year’s supply of necessities, whether it is in the form of rations and clothing or in the form of cash to buy whatever they want, or someone Also buys the relevant tools and equipment for the person who is entitled to zakat in art, for example, tailor, carpenter, blacksmith, etc. to buy the required items. in short, we will give them enough zakat for a year’s needs.

Third consumption:

Zakat Collection Officers:

That is, those who have been appointed by the government to collect zakat, that is why Allah Almighty said: (وَالْعَامِلِينَ عَلَيْهَا and those who collect zakat. [al-Tawbah: 60]).

Allah Almighty does not say here: وَالْعَامِلِينَ فِيْهَا “, He says وَالْعَامِلِينَ عَلَيْهَا that indicates that they should be appointed by the government for this purpose, i.e. those who collect zakat from the wealthy class and distribute it among those who are entitled to zakat and keep an account of zakat. So, the amount of zakat Will be given to them.

The question is how much will they be given?

The answer is that these people will be paid according to the nature of their work, so the one who has more rights will be given more and the one who has less will be given less, that is, according to the employment of each. Salary should be fixed, whether these working people are rich or poor because this salary is being given to them because of their job, not considering their need, so they are being paid according to their job.

However, if there are some poor people among the same zakat collectors whose salary is less than their needs, then they will also be given one year’s ration as required due to poverty because these people are agents of zakat collectors And they fall into the category of both, so they will be given zakat according to both, but while giving them, they will take care that after zakat they will be given as much zakat as they need to meet their needs. consider this as an example for better understanding: Let us estimate that he needs 10,000 dollars per year, so he will get only 10,000 dollars in case of poverty, but for the collection of zakat, he gets 2000 dollars only then we will give him the remaining 8000 dollars due to poverty.

Fourth consumption:

Those whose hearts are to be reconciled: It refers to those who are given something to bring them closer to Islam, whether he is a non-Muslim who is likely to become a Muslim or a weak Muslim who can be steadfast in Islam by giving him zakat Or it can be paid to a wicked non-Muslim person to protect Muslims from his evil, or if there is any help for the benefit of Muslims, then zakat can be spent on this expenditure.

Here, when giving zakat to a non-Muslim or a Muslim, it is stipulated that the person who is given something for the compilation of the heart should be an influential person in the family, or area so that giving zakat to him benefits all Muslims.

However, can zakat be paid to an individual on this basis? For example, can a new Muslim be given zakat to keep his faith in Islam and strengthen his faith? Scholars differ on this point, while in my opinion, the correct one is:

Such a person can also be given individually, even if he is not an influential person in his area, because Allah Almighty says: (وَالْمُؤَلَّفَةِ قُلُوبُهُمْ) If it is permissible to give an individual to strengthen him in society, then it would be permissible to give it to a weak believer for strengthening one’s faith.

The zakat money will be given to the people who come under these four expenses, so the zakat money they get will be fully included in their property, so if their financial condition is so good during the year and It is said that if they are not entitled to zakat, then they will not have to return the rest of the zakat money, but they can use all their wealth freely because Allah Almighty has clarified their ownership in the following verse:

إِنَّمَا الصَّدَقَاتُ لِلْفُقَرَاءِ وَالْمَاسَاكِينِ وَالْعَامِلِينَ عَلَيْهَا وَالْمُؤَلَّفَةِ قُلُوبُهُمْ

For example, We gave a poor person 10,000 dollars as an expense for a year, and what Allah did is that he became rich by trade, inheritance, or any other means before the year passed, then he will not have to return the zakat money. Because this zakat money has become his property.

Fifth consumption:

Those in bondage (slaves and captives).

Allah says (interpretation of the meaning): وَفِي الرِّقَابِ the scholars have stated three things here:

1- The Maktab slave who has agreed with his master to pay a ransom for his freedom, then such a slave will be given enough money to pay the price.

2- The slave should be set free by buying it with zakat money.

3- If a Muslim is in the captivity of non-Muslim, then the infidels should be paid from Zakat money to free a Muslim.

Similarly, kidnapping for ransom is also included in it, so if an infidel or a Muslim kidnaps a Muslim, this ransom can be paid from zakat, because here the cause and the reason is the same, and that is to free a Muslim from captivity, but kidnapping for ransom stipulates that: We cannot free a Muslim from the kidnappers without ransom.

Sixth consumption:

Borrowers: Scholars have described two types:

1- To make peace between two warring groups and to persuade them to make peace by giving them money.

2- Borrowing to meet your needs

The first type of example is: if there is a fight between two warring groups or tribes or families and a person with an influential and respected personality reconciles the two by paying money, then we would acknowledge the goodness and kindness of the person making the reconciliation.

We will give him the amount of zakat that he gave then for the sake of peace because he has put an end to enmity and hatred among the Muslims and has closed the door of killing. We will give him whether he is rich or poor because we are not giving him anything to meet his needs, but we are giving him because he has done a great deed in the public interest.

The second type includes a person who took out a loan to meet his needs, or bought something he needed and wrote off his debt because he did not have the money, then his debt will be paid with zakat Provided he has nothing to repay the loan.

Here is a problem: is it better to pay the debtor or to pay directly from which the loan was taken and pay off the debtor’s debt?

There are different opinions about this, so if the debtor is trying his best to repay his debt and is trying his best to get rid of the debt, and if he gets money from somewhere, he will repay the debt first, then This money will be handed over to the debtor only, because in this way he will be covered, and he will not have to be ashamed in front of the people that he has paid his debt himself, no one has paid his debt from Zakat.

And if the debtor is a wasteful spender, and he spends money to buy unnecessary things, we will not give zakat money to such a debtor, but will give money directly to the creditor and say: “How much debt does such person have?” Then pay off the debt as much as you can.

Seventh consumption:

For the sake of Allah: And here “for the sake of Allah” means only jihad, nothing else, so it is not correct to include all other means of goodness and virtue in it. so for “the sake of Allah” refers only there is jihad, so zakat will be given out to the person from whose appearance it seems that these people are fighting only for the sake of Allah.

In the same way, they can be given weapons to fight, but it is important that the fight should be for the sake of Allah Almighty only, about which the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) was asked: “A man fights for the family prejudice.

The second fights to gain courage, and the third fights to show off. Which of them is fighting in “Jihad for the sake of Allah”?

“So the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: He who fights for the cause of Allah is the one who fights for the sake of Allah. Therefore, one who fights in defense of his homeland and fights for other reasons is not included in “Jihad for the sake of Allah”, so he will not have the rights that “Jihad for the sake of Allah”.

Therefore, a person who takes part in fighting for the sake of bravery and such people usually like to take part in all kinds of battles, is not a participant in “Jihad for the sake of Allah”, as well as a person who fights for show and fame He also does not take part in jihad for the sake of Allah, so anyone who does not take part in jihad for the sake of Allah is not entitled to zakat. Because Allah Almighty says: (وَفِي سَبِيلِ اللَّهِ) Therefore, only one who fights for Allah Almighty will be eligible for zakat property.

Scholars say: (سَبِيلِ اللَّهِ) also includes that a person who devotes his full time to acquiring Shari’ah knowledge can also be given out pocket expenses, clothes, food, drink, accommodation, and books, etc. Because Shari’ah knowledge is also a kind of jihad for the sake of Allah, but Imam Ahmad (may Allah have mercy on him) says: “If the intention is right to acquire knowledge, there is nothing equal to it.

” Since knowledge is the basis of the whole Shari’ah, so without knowledge there is no concept of Shari’ah. Allah Almighty has revealed the Noble Qur’an so that people may adhere to justice and learn the rules of Shari’ah, from which they may derive their beliefs, words, and deeds of worship, and all this at the same time.

It is true that jihad for the sake of Allah is the noblest and most honorable act, and it is the peak of Islam and there is no doubt in its virtue, but knowledge is also of great in Islam. so it is very clear that [acquiring] knowledge is included in Jihad for the sake of Allah and there is no doubt about it.

Eighth consumption:

Ibn Sabeel: This refers to a traveler, that is, a traveler who has lost his way, so he will be given zakat to reach his area, no matter how rich he is in his area because He needs help now. here we can’t even tell him to take a loan from someone and repay it later, because that way we will make him indebted.

However, if the person is willing to take a loan for himself, it is his wish. so if we find a person coming from Makkah to Madinah and his money etc. is lost, and he has nothing now. so we will only help him to reach Madinah because he only needs that much, so we cannot give more than his need from the amount of Zakat.

When we know the cost of zakat, it is not permissible to spend zakat on anything other than the public or special interest, so it is not permissible to spend zakat on the construction of mosques, roads, offices, etc., because After mentioning the expenditures of zakat, Allah Almighty says: (فَرِيضَةً مِنَ اللَّهِ وَاللَّهُ عَلِيمٌ حَكِيمٌ) these expenditures of Zakat are obligatory from Allah Almighty.

Merits of zakat:

  • Completion of the man’s Islam: Because zakat is one of the pillars of Islam, and there is no doubt that it is the great goal of every Muslim, so every Muslim strives for the perfection of his religion.
  • This is a proof of the sincerity and faith of the one who pays Zakat because wealth is very dear to the heart and the thing that is dear and beloved is spent only if it is intended to achieve something more beloved. Rather, this desirable thing is spent on the acquisition of something more beloved than it, that is why Zakat is called Sadaqah because it (Sadaqah) is the true seeking of Allah’s pleasure for the one who pays Zakat.
  • It corrects the morals of the one who pays Zakat. It takes him out of the category of stingy and puts him in the category of generous, because when he becomes accustomed to spending, even if it means spending knowledge, whether it is to spend money or to sacrifice the body. it becomes his habit and temperament, and when he does not spend according to his routine, he becomes sad and upset, like the hunter who hunts every day, If one day he lags behind in hunting, he becomes sad, and in the same way, a person who has made himself accustomed to generosity, if one day he cannot spend from his wealth, he becomes sad.
  • Zakat satisfies the heart, so when a person spends something, especially wealth, he finds satisfaction in his heart, but the condition is that he should spend it generously and generously. Hafiz Ibn Qayyim has mentioned in “Zad-ul-Ma’ad” that spending and generosity is the cause of enlightenment and contentment of the heart, but the only person can benefit from it who spends generously, and before he gives away his wealth, he takes it out of his heart and then he gives it. And if the person spends his money but he cannot take away from his heart then he cannot benefit from the merits of zakat.
  • It unites man with the perfect believer. The Messenger of Allah Almighty said:

لا يُؤْمِنُ أَحَدُكُمْ حَتَّى يُحِبَّ لأَخِيهِ مَا يُحِبُّ لِنَفْسِهِ ‏

“None of you will have faith till he wishes for his (Muslim) brother what he likes for himself.”

  • It is a means of going to Paradise because Paradise is for the person who spoke well, greeted (often), ate food, and performed Tahajjud prayers while other people were dreaming. And We are all trying to go to heaven.
  • Zakat makes the Islamic society like a family, in which the powerful person helps the weak person and the rich person helps the poor person, so the person begins to understand and feel that he has brothers and it is obligatory on him to treat them with kindness as Allah has bestowed upon them. Allah Almighty says:

وَاَحۡسِنۡ كَمَاۤ اَحۡسَنَ اللّٰهُ اِلَيۡكَ

And do good as Allah has done good to you. (Al-Qasas: 77)
Thus, the Islamic Ummah becomes like a family, because a man performs his duty through it and benefits his brothers.

  • It quenches the heat of rebellion of the poor because the poor man, when he sees that this (rich) man rides on the car of his choice (luxury car), he lives in the house of his choice and He eats all kinds of food, while he (the poor man) walks and sleeps on the footpaths under the roof of the sky and is deprived of other such facilities, there is no doubt that he has some rebellion in his heart. So when the rich spend their wealth on the poor, they break up their rebellion and cool their anger, and they (poor) say: There are brothers who remember us in hardship, so in this way, they love the rich gentlemen.
  • It prevents financial crimes such as theft, robbery and kidnapping, and other such crimes because the poor get something to meet their needs. because the rich keep giving them out of their wealth so they (The poor) do not confuse them. They give them two and a half percent of the gold, silver, and merchandise.
  • Deliverance from the heat of the Day of Judgment: The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: Every person will be under the shadow of his charity on the Day of Resurrection. (Musnad Ahmad)
    And on that day when there will be no shadow except the shadow of Allah, then mentioning the fortunate ones whom Allah will give place under His shadow, the Prophet (peace be upon Him) said:

وَرَجُلٌ تَصَدَّقَ بِصَدَقَةٍ فَأَخْفَاهَا حَتَّى لاَ تَعْلَمَ شِمَالُهُ مَا تُنْفِقُ يَمِينُهُ،

a person who practices charity so secretly that his left-hand does not know what his right hand has given (i.e. nobody knows how much he has given in charity). (Sahih al-Bukhari 1423)

  • It helps a person to know the limits of Allah and His rules, because after knowing the rules of Zakat, its properties, and its deserving, and other necessary things He will pay Zakat.
    He increases his wealth emotionally and spiritually, so when a person gives charity out of his wealth, it saves him from calamities, and sometimes Allah opens the door of provision for him because of this charity. it is stated in the hadeeth:

مَا نَقَصَتْ صَدَقَةٌ مِنْ مَالٍ

Charity does not diminish wealth. (Muslim)
It has been observed that sometimes something is imposed on the greedy person’s property which destroys him or his property is burnt to ashes, or he suffers a great loss and is attacked by diseases And he is forced to seek treatment, which causes him to lose a lot of his wealth

  • This is the source of revelation of goodness and blessings. Those who do not pay Zakat on their wealth are deprived of rain.Anas bin Malik narrated that the Messenger of Allah said:

إِنَّ الصَّدَقَةَ لَتُطْفِئُ غَضَبَ الرَّبِّ وَتَدْفَعُ مِيتَةَ السُّوءِ

“Indeed, charity extinguishes the Lord’s anger and it protects against the evil death.( Jami` at-Tirmidhi 664)

  • Zakat protects from an evil death.
  • It strikes the calamities coming down from the sky and does not allow them to reach the earth.
  • It eliminates sins.

Read other Five pillars of Islam topics

  1. The Declaration of Faith (Shahada)
  2. Establishing regular prayers (Salah)
  3. Paying Charity (Zakah)
  4. Pilgrimage (Hajj)
  5. Fasting the (lunar) month of Ramadan (Sawm)
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